I Am Sam is a 2001 American drama film written and directed by Jessie Nelson, and starring Sean Penn as a father with a developmental disability, Dakota Fanning as his inquisitive seven-year-old daughter, and Michelle Pfeiffer as his lawyer. Dianne Wiest, Loretta Devine, Richard Schiff and Laura Dern appear in supporting roles.
Jessie Nelson and Kristine Johnson, who co-wrote the screenplay, researched the issues facing adults with developmental disabilities by visiting the non-profit organization L.A. Goal (Greater Opportunities for the Advanced Living). They subsequently cast two actors with disabilities, Brad Silverman and Joe Rosenberg, in key roles.[2]
The film was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role (Sean Penn).

Directed by Jessie Nelson
Produced by Jessie Nelson
Marshall Herskovitz
Edward Zwick
Richard Solomon
Written by Kristine Johnson
Jessie Nelson
Starring Sean Penn
Michelle Pfeiffer
Dakota Fanning
Dianne Wiest
Loretta Devine
Richard Schiff
Laura Dern
Music by John Powell
Editing by Richard Chew
Studio The Bedford Falls Company
Distributed by New Line Cinema
Release date(s) December 28, 2001
Running time 120 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Gross revenue $97,818,139[1

Sam Dawson (Sean Penn), a man with a developmental disability, is the father of Lucy (Dakota Fanning), after her mother abandoned them. Despite his limitations, Sam is well-adjusted and has a supportive group of friends with developmental disabilities, as well as a kind, agoraphobic neighbor Annie (Dianne Wiest) who takes care of Lucy when Sam cannot. Though Sam provides a loving and caring environment for precocious Lucy, she soon surpasses his mental ability. Other children tease her for having a “retard” as a father, and she becomes too embarrassed to accept that she is more intellectually advanced than Sam. In preparation for a custody case, a social worker turns up at Lucy’s birthday party and takes her away, allowing Sam two supervised visits per week.

On the advice of his friends, Sam approaches a high-powered lawyer, Rita Harrison (Michelle Pfeiffer), whose brusque manner, fast-paced schedule and difficult personal life have earned her a reputation as cold and unfeeling. In an attempt to prove to others that she isn’t heartless, Rita surprisingly agrees to take on Sam’s case pro bono. As they work together to secure Sam’s parental rights, Sam unwittingly helps Rita with her family problems, including encouraging her to leave her philandering husband and repairing her fractious relationship with her son.
During the trial period, Lucy is living in a foster home with Randy Carpenter (Laura Dern), but tries to convince Sam to help her run away, and continually escapes in the middle of the night to go to Sam’s apartment, whereupon he immediately returns her. At the trial, Sam breaks down after opposing counsel convinces him that he is not capable of being a father. Ultimately, the foster family who planned to adopt Lucy decide to return her to Sam, with an arrangement that Randy will help him raise her.
The final scene depicts a soccer game, refereed by Sam, in which Lucy participates as a player. In attendance are the foster family, Sam’s friendship group, and a newly-single Rita with her son.

Critical reception
I Am Sam holds a rating of 34% on Rotten Tomatoes,[3] and a score of 28 on Metacritic,[4] indicating generally unfavorable reviews from critics.
The New York Times wrote that “I Am Sam is a good movie, and its intentions are unimpeachable. But its sentimentality is so relentless and its narrative so predictable that the life is very nearly squeezed out of it.”[5] Variety wrote: “Undone by its best intentions, I Am Sam is an especially insipid example of the Hollywood message movie.”[6] The Chicago Sun-Times wrote that “every device of the movie’s art is designed to convince us Lucy must stay with Sam, but common sense makes it impossible to go the distance with the premise.”[7] Roger Ebert also criticized the morality tale character of the movie, saying that “you can’t have heroes and villains when the wrong side is making the best sense.” [8]
On the other hand, the Los Angeles Times reviewed it positively as a “most inviting and accessible film that turns upon a mental condition that most people would prefer not to think about.”[3] The San Francisco Chronicle commended Sean Penn for his performance: “Penn’s accuracy, his lack of condescension or sentiment, and his willingness to inhabit his character without any implicit commentary take what might have been the equivalent of an inflated TV movie and elevate it to the level of art.”[9] The New Yorker, however, found Michelle Pfeiffer to be the standout: “Pfeiffer, enormously likable in the role, almost saves the movie.”[4]

Awards and nominations
Sean Penn was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor (the Oscar), the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role, the Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor and the Satellite Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama.[10]
Dakota Fanning won the Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Young Performer, the Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award for Youth in Film, the Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Youth Actress, the Satellite Special Achievement Award for Outstanding New Talent, and the Young Artist Award for Best Performance in a Feature Film – Young Actress Age Ten or Under. She was also nominated for the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role.[10]
The soundtrack was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media.[10]
The film won the inaugural Stanley Kramer Award from the Producers Guild of America, and was nominated for the Humanitas Prize and the Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film.[10]

Soundtrack
Main article: I Am Sam (soundtrack)
The Grammy Award-nominated soundtrack consists of cover versions of songs by The Beatles. Penn commissioned artists such as The Black Crowes, Stereophonics, Eddie Vedder, Sheryl Crow, Sarah McLachlan, Rufus Wainwright, The Wallflowers, Ben Harper, The Vines and Ben Folds, to cover the songs for the soundtrack. Penn’s brother, Michael Penn, is also featured on a duet with his wife Aimee Mann.
As the movie was shot and produced to the original Beatles music, the artists had to record their covers to the same musical timing (tempo) as The Beatles original pieces had.

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