American Films

The Lake House is a 2006 American romantic drama directed by Alejandro Agresti and starring Keanu Reeves, Sandra Bullock andChristopher Plummer. It was written by David Auburn. The film is a remake of the South Korean motion picture Il Mare (2000). The story centers on an architect living in 2004 and a doctor living in 2006. The two meet via letters left in a mailbox at the lake house they have both lived in at separate points in time; they carry on correspondence over two years, remaining separated by their original difference of two years. For Alex the time goes from 2004 to 2006. For Kate the time goes from 2006 to 2008.

This film reunites Reeves and Bullock for the first time since they co-starred in Speed in 1994.

Directed by Alejandro Agresti
Produced by Doug Davison
Roy Lee
Screenplay by David Auburn
Based on Il Mare 
by Kim Eun-jeong
Kim Mi-yeong
Starring Keanu Reeves
Sandra Bullock
Dylan Walsh
Shohreh Aghdashloo
Christopher Plummer
Music by Rachel Portman
Cinematography Alar Kivilo
Edited by Alejandro Brodersohn
Lynzee Klingman
Village Roadshow Pictures
Vertigo Entertainment
Distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures
Release date(s)
  • June 16, 2006
Running time 105 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $40 million
Box office $114,830,111


In 2006, Dr. Kate Forster is leaving a lake house that she has been renting in suburban Wisconsin to move to Chicago. Kate leaves a note in the mailbox for the next tenant to forward her letters should some slip through the system, further adding that the paint-embedded pawprints on the walkway leading into the house were already there when she arrived.

Two years earlier in 2004, Alex Wyler, an architect, arrives at the lake house and finds Kate’s letter in the mailbox. The house is neglected, with no sign of paw prints anywhere. During the house’s restoration, a dog runs through Alex’s paint and leaves fresh paw prints right where Kate said they would be. Baffled, Alex writes back, asking how Kate knew about the paw prints since the house was unoccupied until he arrived. On Valentine’s Day 2006, Kate witnesses a traffic accident near Daley Plaza and frantically tries to save the male victim who dies in her arms. She impulsively drives back to the lake house, finds Alex’s letter and writes back.

Both Alex and Kate continue passing messages to each other via the mailbox, and each watches its flag go up and down as the message leaves and the reply arrives as they wait at the mailbox. They cautiously look around each time the flag changes, hoping to somehow spot the other. It is in vain as they are alone at the mailbox. They then discover that they are living exactly two years apart. Their correspondence takes them through several events, including Alex finding a book, Persuasion, at a train station where Kate said she had lost it, and Alex taking Kate on a walking tour of his favorite places in Chicago via an annotated map that he leaves in the mailbox. Alex and Kate eventually meet at a party, but he doesn’t mention their letter relationship to her as for her, it hasn’t happened yet.

As Alex and Kate continue to write each other, they decide to try to meet again. Alex makes a reservation at the Il Mare (Italian for “The Sea”) restaurant (whose name is an homage to the original Korean motion picture) for around March 2007 — two years in Alex’s future, but only a day away for Kate. Kate goes to the restaurant but Alex fails to show. Heartbroken, Kate asks Alex not to write her again, recounting the accident a year before. Both Alex and Kate leave the lake house, continuing on with their separate lives.

On Valentine’s Day 2006 for Alex, Valentine’s Day 2008 for Kate, Alex returns to the lake house after something about the day triggers a memory. Meanwhile, Kate goes to an architect to review renovation plans for a house she wants to buy. A drawing of the lake house on the conference room wall catches her attention and upon asking, Henry Wyler informs her the artist was his brother, Alex, the man with whom she had been corresponding with. She also learns that Alex was killed in a traffic accident exactly two years ago to the day and realizes why he never showed up for their date – he was the man who died in Daley Plaza.

Rushing to the lake house, Kate frantically writes a letter telling Alex she loves him, but begs him not to try to find her if he loves her back. Wait two years, she says, and come to the lake house instead. Meanwhile Alex has gone to Daley Plaza to find Kate.

At the lake house, Kate drops to her knees sobbing, fearing that she had arrived too late to stop Alex. After a long pause, the mailbox flag finally lowers; Alex has picked up her note. Not long afterwards, a familiar mint-green truck pulls up. She walks forward smiling as the driver, clad in jeans and a familiar tan jacket, approaches. She and Alex share the first of many kisses and then walk toward the lake house.


The Lake House: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack was released in 2006.

  1. “This Never Happened Before” – Paul McCartney
  2. “(I Can’t Seem To) Make You Mine” – The Clientele
  3. “Time Has Told Me” – Nick Drake
  4. “Ant Farm” – Eels
  5. “It’s Too Late” – Carole King
  6. “The Lakehouse” – Rachel Portman
  7. “Pawprints” – Rachel Portman
  8. “Tough Week” – Rachel Portman
  9. “Mailbox” – Rachel Portman
  10. “Sunsets” – Rachel Portman
  11. “Alex’s Father” – Rachel Portman
  12. “Il Mare” – Rachel Portman
  13. “Tell Me More” – Rachel Portman
  14. “She’s Gone” – Rachel Portman
  15. “Wait For Me” – Rachel Portman
  16. “You Waited” – Rachel Portman
  17. “I Waited” – Rachel Portman

Songs appearing in the film, but not on the soundtrack include:

  • “I Wish You Love” – Rosemary Clooney
  • “There Will Never Be Another You” – Rosemary Clooney
  • “Pink Moon” – Nick Drake
  • “La noyée” – Carla Bruni
  • “Sentimental Tattoo” – Jukebox Junkies
  • “Chiamami Adesso” – Paolo Conte
  • “When It Rains” – Brad Mehldau
  • “Young at Heart” – Brad Mehldau
  • “Almost Like Being In Love” – Gerry Mulligan
  • “O Pato” – Stan Getz
  • “A Man and A Woman” – Sir Julian
  • “Bitter” – Meshell Ndegeocello

The film trailer also features the song “Somewhere Only We Know” by the band Keane. It is available on the album Hopes and Fears.




Pearl Harbor is a 2001 American action war film directed by Michael Bay and produced by Bay, long-time partner Jerry Bruckheimer and Randall Wallace. It features a large ensemble cast, including Ben Affleck, Josh Hartnett, Alec Baldwin, Jon Voight, Kate Beckinsale, Cuba Gooding, Jr., Dan Aykroyd, Colm Feore, Mako, Tom Sizemore, Jaime King and Jennifer Garner.
Pearl Harbor is a dramatic reimagining of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the subsequent Doolittle Raid. Some of its scenes were among the last to be filmed in Technicolor. Despite receiving negative reviews from critics, Pearl Harbor earned $449,220,945 at the world wide box office.

Directed by Michael Bay
Produced by Michael Bay
Jerry Bruckheimer
Randall Wallace
Written by Randall Wallace
Starring Ben Affleck
Josh Hartnett
Kate Beckinsale
Cuba Gooding, Jr.
Tom Sizemore
Jon Voight
Colm Feore
Alec Baldwin
Music by Hans Zimmer
Klaus Badelt
Cinematography John Schwartzman
Editing by Roger Barton
Chris Lebenzon
Mark Goldblatt
Steven Rosenblum
Studio Jerry Bruckheimer Films
Distributed by Touchstone Pictures
Release date(s) May 25, 2001
Running time 183 minutes
Country United States
Language English/Japanese
Budget $140 million[1]
Gross revenue $449,220,945

In 1923, two Tennessee boys, Rafe McCawley and Danny Walker, pretending to be fighting the Germans, climb into Rafe’s father’s biplane cropduster and accidentally start it, giving them their first taste of flying. Soon after, Danny’s father (William Fichtner) comes to drag him home, berating him for playing with Rafe and beating him. Rafe attacks Danny’s father calling him a “dirty German”; Danny’s father counters by explaining that he fought the Germans in World War I and wishes them to never witness the horrors of war.
By 1940, as grown men, Rafe (Ben Affleck) and Danny (Josh Hartnett) are First Lieutenants in the United States Army Air Corps under the command of Major Jimmy Doolittle (Alec Baldwin). Rafe meets Evelyn Johnson (Kate Beckinsale), a Navy nurse who passes him for his physical examination even though he has dyslexia, and is instantly smitten. The two soon begin dating and fall in love. However, Rafe has volunteered to serve with the Royal Air Force’s Eagle Squadrons. Before Rafe leaves for England, he makes a promise to Evelyn that he will come back for her. Evelyn and Danny are transferred with their respective squadrons to Pearl Harbor. Rafe is shot down over the English Channel and presumed killed in action. Three months later, Evelyn and Danny bond over their mourning for Rafe and unexpectedly develop feelings for each other. They soon begin their own relationship. On the night of December 6, 1941, Rafe unexpectedly returns, having survived the crash and been stranded in occupied France in the interval. He quickly realizes that Evelyn and Danny are now together, and the two friends soon get into a fight at the local hula bar. The next morning, on December 7, they are interrupted by the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor by Zero fighters, Val dive bombers and Kate torpedo bombers.

The surprise Japanese air raid sinks the battleships USS Arizona (BB-39), USS Oklahoma (BB-37) and many other ships. Back at the hospital, Evelyn helps tend to the dozens of wounded who come in and must help decide who can and cannot be saved. Meanwhile, Rafe and Danny are the only two who manage to get airborne and shoot down seven Japanese aircraft with P-40s using their reckless tactics, including an old game of theirs called chicken. The two men then go to the hospital, where Evelyn takes blood from them for the hundreds of injured soldiers, and later aid in trying to rescue the many men still in the harbor. In the aftermath, the survivors attend a memorial service for the fallen victims after the U.S. declaration of war on Japan. Rafe and Danny are both promoted to Captain, awarded the Silver Star and assigned to now-Colonel Doolittle for a dangerous and top-secret mission. Before their departure, Evelyn meets Rafe and reveals that she is pregnant with Danny’s child, although she doesn’t want Danny to know so he can focus on the upcoming mission. She says that she is going to remain with Danny, but deep down she will always love Rafe just as much.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt (Jon Voight) wants to send a message that the Japanese homeland is not immune from bombing. Danny, Rafe and others are to fly B-25 Mitchell medium bombers from the aircraft carrier USS Hornet (CV-8), bomb Tokyo and some Japanese occupied territory in China. The two men succeed in their bombing but crashland into a rice field when their bombers run out fuel and are captured by the Japanese who run towards the crash site. Just as Rafe is about to be shot, Danny knocks the soldiers over and is instead shot himself while the other American crew mates fight off the remaining soldiers. Rafe holds a dying Danny in his arms, telling him he can’t die because he’s going to be a father. Danny tells Rafe that he needs to be the father to his child with his dying words “No, you are”, while being held in Rafe’s arms. The film ends a few years later with Rafe and Evelyn, who are together again, and their son, Danny (who is biologically Danny’s son), back at the farm in Tennessee visiting Danny Walker’s grave. Rafe then takes his son flying, with the two flying off into the sunset in the old biplane.

At the 2001 Academy Awards, Pearl Harbor was nominated for four awards, winning one for Best Sound Editing. Its other nominations were for Best Sound Mixing, Best Visual Effects, and Best Original Song.[28]
At the Golden Globe awards it was nominated for best original score and best song.
At the 2001 Golden Raspberry Awards Pearl Harbor was nominated for six awards: Worst Picture, Worst Director, Worst Screenplay, Worst Screen Couple, Worst Actor (Ben Affleck), and Worst Remake or Sequel (presumably of the 1970 film Tora! Tora! Tora!); but lost to Tom Green’s Freddy Got Fingered in all but the latter category, wherein it lost to Tim Burton’s version of Planet of the Apes.


The Terminal is a 2004 comedy-drama film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Tom Hanks and Catherine Zeta-Jones. It is about a man trapped in a terminal at New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport when he is denied entry into the United States and at the same time cannot return to his native country, the fictitious Krakozhia, due to a revolution. The film is partially inspired by the 18-year-stay of Mehran Karimi Nasseri in the Charles de Gaulle International Airport, Terminal I, Paris, France from 1988 to 2006.

Directed by Steven Spielberg
Produced by Steven Spielberg
Walter F. Parkes
Laurie MacDonald
Andrew Niccol
Screenplay by Sacha Gervasi
Jeff Nathanson
Story by Andrew Niccol
Sacha Gervasi
Starring Tom Hanks
Catherine Zeta-Jones
Stanley Tucci
Barry Shabaka Henley
Kumar Pallana
Diego Luna
Music by John Williams
Cinematography Janusz Kamiński
Editing by Michael Kahn
Studio Amblin Entertainment
Distributed by DreamWorks Pictures
Release date(s) June 18, 2004
Running time 128 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $60 million
Gross revenue $219,417,255

Viktor Navorski (Tom Hanks) arrives at JFK International Airport, but finds that he is not allowed to enter the United States. While he was en route to the US, a revolution was started in his home nation of Krakozhia. Due to the civil war, the United States no longer recognizes Krakozhia as a sovereign nation and denies Viktor’s entrance to the US on the grounds that Viktor technically has no citizenship. Unable to leave the airport or return to Krakozhia, Viktor instead lives in the terminal, carrying with him a mysterious Planters peanut can. The mystery as to what the can contains remains an interesting plot point.
Viktor quickly befriends the staff at the terminal while being under the watchful eye of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Head Frank Dixon (Stanley Tucci), who wants Navorski removed from the airport. Initially being deprived of food by Dixon as a method of trying to get him arrested and made someone else’s problem, Navorski takes on the task of retrieving vacant baggage trolleys for the 25 cent reward from the machine. He uses this money to buy food from Burger King until eventually Dixon prevents him from collecting. He then makes his first friend, a catering car driver named Enrique (Diego Luna) who asks him to approach a female Customs and Border Protection officer named Dolores (Zoë Saldana) for him in exchange for food. With Viktor’s help, Enrique and Dolores eventually marry each other. He meets flight attendant Amelia Warren (Catherine Zeta-Jones), who asks him out to dinner, but he tries to earn money in order to ask Amelia out instead. He finally gets an off-the-books job as a construction worker at the airport earning $19 an hour.
Viktor is asked to interpret for a desperate Russian man with undocumented drugs for his sick father. Viktor claims it is “medicine for goat,” barring the drug from confiscation and resolving the crisis. Under pressure and the watchful eye of the Airport Ratings committee, who is evaluating Dixon for an upcoming promotion, Dixon has a falling out with Viktor. Though Dixon is advised that sometimes rules must be ignored, he becomes obsessed with getting Viktor ejected from the airport. An Airport janitor Rajan Gupta (Kumar Pallana), exaggerates the “goat” incident to his fellow co-workers and as a result, Viktor earns the respect and admiration of all of the airport staff.

One day, Viktor explains to Amelia that the purpose of his visit to New York is to collect an autograph from the tenor saxophonist Benny Golson. It is revealed that the peanut can Viktor carries with him contains nothing more than an autographed copy of the “Great Day in Harlem” photograph. His late father was a jazz enthusiast who had discovered the famous portrait in a Hungarian newspaper in 1958, and vowed to get an autograph of all the 57 jazz musicians featured on the photograph. He succeeded in obtaining 56, but died before he could finish his collection.
A few months later, the war in Krakozhia ends, but Dixon will still not allow Viktor to enter the United States. Amelia reveals that she had asked her ‘friend’ — actually a married government official with whom she had been having an affair — to assist Viktor in obtaining permission to travel within the US, but Viktor is disappointed to learn she has renewed her relationship with the man during this process.

To make matters worse, Dixon needs to sign the form granting Viktor the right to remain in the United States, but refuses. He instead blackmails Viktor into returning to Krakozhia, or he will deport Gupta to his native country, where he is wanted for assaulting a corrupt police officer. Upon hearing this, Gupta runs in front of Viktor’s plane and asks Viktor to go anyway. The plane is delayed, giving Viktor enough time to go into the city and obtain the autograph. With the blessing of the entire airport staff, Viktor leaves the airport after receiving a uniform coat from a U.S. Customs and Border Protection Assistant Port Director and hails a taxi. Dixon, watching Viktor leave the airport, decides not to pursue him. As Viktor prepares to take the taxi to a Ramada Inn where Benny Golson is performing, he observes Amelia exiting from a cab, where she gives him a wistful smile. He has a short conversation with the cab driver, telling him how to avoid traffic on the way to the hotel and that he is from Krakozhia. The driver tells Viktor that he is from Albania and arrived earlier that week. He attends the show and collects the autograph, finally completing the collection. Afterwards, Viktor leaves and hails a taxi, telling the driver: “I am going home.”

Krakozhia (Кракозия or Кракожия) is a fictional country created for the film, that closely resembles a former Soviet Republic. The natives speak the Krakozhian language. From January 16, 2004 to November 2004, the country was in civil war. When the war began, the President of the country was held hostage and a new regime installed, leading to Viktor finding his passport and visa useless. Consequently, Viktor must stay in the airport terminal for nine months, as the United States refuses to recognize the new Krakozhian government, after which peace is declared in Krakozhia and he is able to return home.
The exact location of Krakozhia is kept intentionally vague in the film, keeping with the idea of Viktor being simply Eastern European or from a former Soviet Republic. However in one of the scenes, a map of Krakozhia is briefly displayed on one of the airport’s television screens during a news report on the ongoing conflict. The country’s borders and location are those of the Republic of Macedonia. Throughout the film, it is learned that Krakozhia is bordered with Russia, that the Krakozhian language is akin to Russian, and that the Krakozhian national anthem is musically close to that of Albania (or the tune of Vajacki marš). Little else is known about Krakozhia, except that there was a lot of fighting which made the international news. We hear of the “northern area” being taken by rebels. The cover of the passport that Viktor shows to the customs officer in one of the initial scenes of the film closely resembles the Soviet passport. His driver’s license is Belarusian. One can see the words Вадзіцельскае пасведчанне (Vadzicielskaje pasviedczannie), which means driver’s license in Belarusian and the name of the Belarusian city of Homel.
The language which Hanks’ character speaks in the film, “Krakozhian”, is supposedly close to Russian to the point of mutual understanding, but is actually slightly-accented literary Bulgarian. Tom Hanks’ wife, Rita Wilson, whose father is a Pomak, is reported to have coached Hanks in Bulgarian in the course of the shooting of the film.[citation needed] In the same line the name of Viktor’s father is Dimitar Asenov Navorski, shaped after the Bulgarian three-section pattern and contains one name popular among contemporary Bulgarians—Dimitar (Димитър). The patronymic Asenov derives from one Bulgarian medieval dynasty and was borne by several Bulgarian Tsars, Ivan Asen II for example.
Krakozhia’s name was inspired by one of Spielberg’s favorite cities – Kraków in Poland.[citation needed]
The film presents a reasonably accurate picture of the process of naturalistic second language acquisition, according to professional linguist Martha Young-Scholten.[12]
John Williams, the composer of the music for the film, also wrote a national anthem for Krakozhia.


The Notebook is a 2004 romantic film directed by Nick Cassavetes, based on the novel of the same name by Nicholas Sparks. The film stars Ryan Gosling and Rachel McAdams as a young couple who fall in love during the early 1940s. Their story is narrated from the present day by an elderly man played by James Garner, telling the tale to a fellow nursing home resident, played by Gena Rowlands, the director’s mother.

Directed by Nick Cassavetes
Produced by Toby Emmerich
Mark Johnson
Written by Jeremy Leven
Jan Sardi
Nicholas Sparks (Novel)
Narrated by James Garner
Starring Ryan Gosling
Rachel McAdams
James Garner
Gena Rowlands
Sam Shepard
James Marsden
Joan Allen
Music by Aaron Zigman
Cinematography Robert Fraisse
Editing by Alan Heim
Distributed by New Line Cinema
Release date(s) May 20, 2004 (Seattle International Film Festival)
June 25, 2004
Running time 123 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $29 million[1]
Gross revenue $115,603,229

The film opens with an elderly man reading out of a notebook to an elderly woman about a story between two young lovers, Allie and Noah. The story dates back to the summer of 1940 in Seabrook, South Carolina. Allie Hamilton (Rachel McAdams) is a girl from a wealthy family spending the summer in Seabrook. At a carnival, Allie meets Noah Calhoun (Ryan Gosling), a local boy who works at the lumber mill. Over the summer, Noah and Allie fall passionately in love and spend every moment together.
Allie and Noah break up, but immediately regret the decision. Allie’s family leaves Seabrook the next day and Noah, devastated, writes her one letter every day for a year, which Allie’s mother hides. After Allie doesn’t reply to him, Noah moves to Atlanta. When Pearl Harbor is attacked, he enlists in the army for World War II while Allie attends college.

While in college, Allie volunteers as a nurse’s aide for wounded soldiers and meets the injured Lon Hammond, Jr. (James Marsden) — a young man who is handsome, charming, and from a wealthy family. Lon and Allie get engaged; meanwhile, Noah returns home. Noah’s father greets him and informs Noah that he is selling his current house so that Noah can purchase the old Windsor Plantation (the old abandoned house that Noah promised he would restore for Allie so that they could live there together). While visiting Charleston, South Carolina, Noah sees Allie walking down the street. He watches her go into a restaurant and smiles when he sees her, but then he witnesses Allie and Lon kissing. Devastated, Noah restores the old house, believing that if he keeps his promise to her, Allie will come back. Once he is finished building the home, Noah tries to sell it, but cannot bear to part with it.

In the present, it is evident that the elderly woman is Allie and the storyteller is Noah. However, she does not recognize their children and family due to her deteriorating dementia.
The film switches back to 1947. While trying on her wedding dress amongst family and friends, Allie reads about Noah’s house in the paper and faints. After some deep thinking, she decides to visit him. Noah and Allie talk during dinner, and Allie makes it clear that she’s getting married. They reminisce on their memories together, and when it is time for Allie to leave, Noah asks Allie to come back tomorrow for a surprise. The next day, Noah takes Allie out on the lake in a canoe to a picturesque setting amongst geese and they begin to talk. On the way back to the house in the rain, Allie gets upset and demands to know why Noah never wrote to her. Noah tells her he wrote to her every day for one year. He says to her that “it wasn’t over, it still isn’t over.” They kiss passionately and proceed to the house to make love. After two days of passion, Allie’s mother appears while Noah is out and says that Lon has followed her to Seabrook. Allie’s mother takes her for a drive to the lumberyard. She explains how she too once had a summer romance, and that she still watches her ex-lover sometimes. Once they drive back to Noah’s house, Allie’s mom hands her daughter the bundle of 365 letters that Noah had written, saying that she hopes Allie makes the right choice. Allie explains to Noah how Lon is in town and how the past few days had been wonderful, but very irresponsible. Noah is furious, accusing her of only loving Lon for his money, and says that if she leaves, he will hate her forever. He tells her that if she really wants to be with Lon, then she should go, because he lost her once and could do it again. Confused, Allie drives off.

Distraught, Allie stops her car, reads Noah’s goodbye letter, and then drives to the hotel where Lon is staying so she can talk about what happened. Allie says that she knows she should be with Lon, implying that she’s going to stay with him. However, the scene switches to Noah, who hears a noise from a car outside. Getting up, he sees it is Allie, who appears to have left Lon and come back to him.
Switching back to the present, Allie realizes that she and Noah are the people in the book. It is only a few minutes until she relapses again and begins yelling and pushing Noah away. Later that night Noah looks at the books and the audience finds out that Allie herself wrote the book with this message written on the front: “Read this to me, and I’ll come back to you every time.” Noah is also looking through a photo album, this tells the audience that Noah and Allie got married, had children and had a wonderful and loving life together.
The next morning the nurse finds Noah in a critical condition. He is saved from his heart attack and sneaks into Allie’s room at night when he comes back from the hospital. She wakes and is able to remember Noah and asks him whether their love is strong enough to make miracles and take them away together. Noah says that their love can do whatever they want it to do. In the morning, they are both found dead, lying peacefully side by side, holding hands. The film closes with a flock of birds flying over a lake.


Legends of the Fall is a 1994 epic drama film based on the 1979 novella of the same title by Jim Harrison. It was directed by Edward Zwick and stars Brad Pitt, Anthony Hopkins and Aidan Quinn. The film was nominated for the Academy Awards for Best Cinematography, Best Art Direction, and Best Sound, and won the category for Best Cinematography.[1][2]
The film’s timeframe spans the decade before World War I through the Prohibition era, and into the 1930s, ending with a brief scene set in 1963. The film centers on the Ludlow family of Montana, including veteran of the Indian Wars, Colonel Ludlow, his sons, Alfred, Tristan, and Samuel, and object of the brothers’ love, Susannah.

Directed by Edward Zwick
Produced by Marshall Herskovitz
William D. Wittliff
Edward Zwick
Written by Jim Harrison (novella)
Susan Shilliday
William D. Wittliff
Starring Brad Pitt
Anthony Hopkins
Aidan Quinn
Julia Ormond
Henry Thomas
Music by James Horner
Cinematography John Toll
Editing by Steven Rosenblum
Studio Bedford Falls Productions
Distributed by TriStar Pictures
Release date(s) December 16, 1994
Running time 133 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $30 million
Gross revenue $66,502,573

Sick of the betrayals the United States government has perpetrated on the Native Americans, Colonel William Ludlow (Anthony Hopkins) retires to a remote part of Montana with One Stab, a Native American friend, where they build a ranch. Accompanying them are hired hand Decker, Decker’s Cree wife Pet and their daughter Isabel II. The Colonel’s wife, Isabel, does not adapt to the harsh winters and moves to the East Coast. Colonel Ludlow has three sons: Alfred, the eldest, is responsible and cautious; Tristan is wild and well-versed in American Indian traditions; Samuel, the youngest, is educated but naive and constantly watched over by his brothers.

At age 12, Tristan touches a sleeping grizzly bear. The bear awakens and slashes at Tristan, injuring him, but he stabs at the bear’s paw and cuts off a claw.
As the boys grow up, Samuel returns from Harvard with his fiancée, Susannah Fincannon. She finds Tristan captivating, but loves Samuel. Before they can marry, Samuel tells his family that he is leaving for Calgary to join the Canadian Expeditionary Force, and aid Britain[3] in the fight against Germany. Much to their father’s displeasure, Alfred and Tristan also depart.
During World War I, the brothers find themselves in the 10th Battalion, CEF.[4] Alfred, commissioned as an officer, leads a charge into no man’s land. Tristan abandons his unit to be at Samuel’s side. The attack is repulsed with heavy casualties, and Alfred is wounded. While visiting Alfred in the field hospital, Tristan learns that Samuel has volunteered for a dangerous reconnaissance mission. He rushes off to protect his brother but arrives too late to save him from being killed. Devastated, Tristan holds Samuel until he dies, then cuts out Samuel’s heart, which he sends home to be buried on his father’s ranch. Seething with hatred, Tristan single-handedly raids behind German lines, killing two gunners. To the horror of his fellow soldiers, he returns to camp with the scalps of German soldiers hanging around his neck. He is discharged from army service but does not go home. Alfred returns to Montana and proposes marriage to Susannah, but she declines.

Tristan returns home, where Susannah finds him weeping over Samuel’s grave. Susannah tries to comfort him, and they become lovers. A jealous Alfred confronts Tristan and later leaves to make his name in Helena. Tristan’s relationship with Susannah is doomed by his guilt and pain for failing to protect Samuel, as well
as feeling responsible for driving Alfred away. These demons force him to go travelling for several years. At the ranch, Susannah waits for him but eventually receives a letter: “All we had is dead. As I am dead. Marry another.” Alfred finds her weeping on the porch and tries to comfort her. Colonel Ludlow finds them together, leading to an argument and falling out between the Colonel and Alfred. Colonel Ludlow later suffers a stroke. He does not speak for years and the ranch deteriorates. In time Susannah agrees to marry Alfred, now a congressman. Alfred’s business and politics cause him to get involved with the O’Banion brothers, bootleggers and gangsters.
Tristan returns during Prohibition, bringing life back to the ranch and his father. He accepts Susannah’s marriage to his brother and later falls in love with and marries Isabel II. They have two children, the eldest being a boy named Samuel in honor of his late brother. Life seems to become normal again for Tristan as he finds true happiness in his young family. Tristan becomes involved in small-scale smuggling bootleg liquor, finding himself at odds with the O’Banion brothers. Tristan’s wife is accidentally killed by a police officer working for the O’Banions, and in a fit of agonized grief Tristan beats the officer nearly to death and has to serve thirty days in jail. Susannah visits, but Tristan refuses her advances and insists she “go home to Alfred”. After his release, Tristan and Decker kill those responsible for Isabel II’s death, including one of the O’Banion brothers.
Susannah commits suicide after realizing she cannot live without Tristan. When the remaining O’Banion brother comes for Tristan, he and the corrupt sheriff are killed by Colonel Ludlow and Alfred as Tristan attempts to protect his father. Alfred reconciles with his father and brother. Tristan, knowing he will be blamed for the men’s disappearance, leaves for the mountain country after asking Alfred to take care of his children. Over time, everyone in Tristan’s life dies before him. As an old man, Tristan enters a clearing to investigate an animal carcass and is set upon by a grizzly bear. He draws his knife and fights it. As they struggle, the image freeze-frames as One Stab narrates: “It was a good death”.

The film opened in limited release on December 23, 1994 and made $14 million in its first weekend in wide release a month later. It went on to have a final box office total of $66 million.[5]
Although released in the hopes of being an Academy Award frontrunner, the film was nominated for just three awards, in none of the major categories. It won for best cinematographer John Toll. The film was much more successful at the Golden Globes, where it was nominated for Best Picture (Drama), Best Actor (Drama), and Best Director. The film has a 63% positive review from critics on Rotten Tomatoes (although the “Top Critics” rating, based on the reviews of critics from major publications, is only 44% positive). Roger Ebert describes it as “pretty good … with full-blooded performances and heartfelt melodrama.” On the other hand, Rita Kempley of the Washington Post says “…the yarn doesn’t so much sweep as sprawl across the screen in all its panoramic idiocy.”


Precious: Based on the Novel Push by Sapphire, often shortened as Precious, is a 2009 American drama film directed by Lee Daniels. Precious is an adaptation by Geoffrey S. Fletcher of the 1996 novel Push by Sapphire. The film stars Gabourey Sidibe, Mo’Nique, Paula Patton, and Mariah Carey. The film marked the acting debut of Sidibe.
The film, then without a distributor, premiered to acclaim at both the 2009 Sundance Film Festival and the 2009 Cannes Film Festival, under its original title of Push: Based on the Novel by Sapphire.[2] At Sundance, it won the Audience Award and the Grand Jury Prize for best drama, as well as a Special Jury Prize for supporting actress Mo’Nique.[3] After Precious’ screening at Sundance in February 2009, Tyler Perry announced that he and Oprah Winfrey would be providing promotional assistance to the film, which was released through Lions Gate Entertainment. Precious won the People’s Choice Award at the Toronto International Film Festival in September. The film’s title was changed from Push to Precious: Based on the Novel ‘Push’ by Sapphire, to avoid confusion with the 2009 action film Push.[4] Precious was also an official selection at the 62nd Cannes Film Festival (particularly the Un Certain Regard category).
Lionsgate gave the film a limited release in North America on November 6, 2009 (the release was expanded on November 20). Precious received largely positive reviews from critics: the acting, the story, and its message were generally praised. Some criticism mainly aimed at fears of the film’s content sending a negative message; some reviewers felt that the film did not live up to its hype. In the film’s opening weekend in limited release, it grossed $1.8 million, putting it in 12th place at the box office. As of February 2010, the film had grossed over $47 million domestically, ranking no. 65 for 2009, recouping its $10 million budget, and making it a box office success.[1] Precious received six nominations, including Best Picture, for the 82nd Academy Awards. Supporting actress Mo’Nique and screenwriter Geoffrey S. Fletcher were selected as the winners in their respective categories.

Directed by Lee Daniels
Produced by Lee Daniels
Gary Magness
Sarah Siegel-Magness
Oprah Winfrey
Tom Heller
Tyler Perry
Screenplay by Geoffrey S. Fletcher
Based on Push by Sapphire
Starring Gabourey Sidibe
Paula Patton
Mariah Carey
Lenny Kravitz
Sherri Shepherd
Music by Mario Grigorov
Andrew Dunn
Darren Lew
Editing by Joe Klotz
Studio Lee Daniels Entertainment
Smokewood Entertainment Group
Distributed by Lionsgate (USA)
Icon Productions (UK)
PlayArte Films (Brazil)
Midget Entertainment (Denmark)
Applause Entertainment (Taiwan)
A-Film Distribution (Netherlands)
Release date(s) January 15, 2009 (Sundance)
November 6, 2009 (United States)
Running time 110 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $10 million[1]
Gross revenue $62,881,147[1

In 1987, obese, illiterate, 16-year-old Claireece P. “Precious” Jones (Gabourey Sidibe) lives in the New York City ghetto of Harlem with her dysfunctional and abusive mother, Mary (Mo’Nique). She has been impregnated twice by her father, Carl, and suffers long-term physical, sexual, and mental abuse from her unemployed mother. The family resides in a Section 8 tenement and subsists on welfare. Her first child, known as “Mongo”, which is short for Mongoloid, has Down syndrome and is being cared for by Precious’ grandmother, though Mary forces the family to pretend Mongo lives with her and Precious so she can receive extra money from the government.

Following the discovery of Precious’ second pregnancy, she is suspended from school. Her junior high school principal arranges to have her attend an alternative school, which she hopes can help Precious change her life’s direction. Precious finds a way out of her traumatic daily existence through imagination and fantasy. In her mind, there is another world where she is loved and appreciated.
Inspired by her new teacher, Blu Rain (Paula Patton), Precious begins learning to read. Precious meets sporadically with a social worker named Miss Weiss (Mariah Carey), who learns about incest in the household when Precious unwittingly conveys it to her. Precious gives birth to her second child and names him Abdul. While at the hospital, she meets John McFadden (Lenny Kravitz), a nursing assistant who shows kindness to her. After Mary (her mother) deliberately drops three-day-old Abdul and hits Precious, Precious fights back long enough to get her son and flees her home permanently. Shortly after leaving the house, Precious stops at a window of a church and watches the choir inside sing a Christmas song. She begins to imagine herself and her dream boyfriend singing a more upbeat version of the Christmas song. Later on, Precious breaks into her school classroom to get out of the cold and is discovered the following morning by Miss Rain. The teacher finds assistance for Precious, who begins raising her son in a halfway house while she continues academically.

Her mother comes back into her life to inform Precious that her father has died of AIDS. Later, Precious learns that she is HIV positive, but Abdul is not. Feeling dejected, Precious meets Miss Weiss at her office and steals her case file. Precious recounts the details of the file to her fellow students and has a new lease on life. Mary and Precious see each other for the last time in Miss Weiss’ office, where Weiss questions Mary about her abuse of Precious, and uncovers specific physical and sexual traumas Precious encountered, starting when she was three. Mary begs Miss Weiss to help get Precious back, but she refuses upon finding out how much Precious was going through. The film ends with Precious still resolved to improve her life for herself and her children. She severs ties with her mother and plans to complete a General Educational Development (GED) test to receive a high school diploma equivalent.


Precious was directed by Lee Daniels and co-produced by Daniels’ company, Lee Daniels Entertainment, and the Sarah Siegel-Magness and Gary Magness-owned Smokewood Entertainment Group.[15] The two production companies had previously collaborated with Daniels on Tennessee (2008).[15] Precious had, in total, twelve producers: Daniels, Oprah Winfrey, Tom Heller, Tyler Perry, Lisa Cortes, Gary Magness, Valerie Hoffman, Asger Hussain, Mark G. Magges, Berrgen Swason, Simone Sheffield and Sarah Siegel-Magness.[16] In September, 2007, Carey confirmed that the film’s writer, Barsocchini, was still working on the script, which was in its early stages.[7] Principal photography (filming) for the film took place on location in various parts of New York City.[17] The production budget was $10 million.[1]
After Precious was screened at the 2009 Sundance Film Festival in January, it was picked up for distribution by Lions Gate Entertainment and received promotional assistance from Oprah Winfrey’s Harpo Productions and Tyler Perry’s 34th Street Films.[18] Precious was the first theatrical film to be affiliated with Perry’s company.[19] In February 2009, Lionsgate and The Weinstein Company filed lawsuits contesting ownership of the rights to release Precious.[20] Both companies claim that they had purchased distribution rights to Precious: The Weinstein Company claimed that they had “secured” their rights while Lionsgate stated that they owned the rights to the film’s distribution in North America.[20] Precious’ sales agent Cinetic Media denied Weinstein’s claims, stating that they failed to finalize the deal.[20]

Main article: Precious (soundtrack)
Composer Robin Thicke wrote and produced “Push”, the film’s original main theme music.[21] Later announcements confirmed that the song would be replaced by Mary J. Blige’s “I Can See In Color”.[22] Leona Lewis’ song, “Happy” (from her album Echo) is featured in the film’s trailer.[23] Daniels stated that the artists featured on the film’s soundtrack were selected because they “resonate not only in Precious’s world, but speak to your soul no matter who you are”.[24] Two other songs, performed decades earlier by Queen Latifah and Mahalia Jackson, were also chosen for the film’s soundtrack.[24] The soundtrack features LaBelle (Nona Hendryx, Sarah Dash, and Patti LaBelle), Donna Allen, Jean Carn, Sunny Gale, and MFSB.[22]
Lionsgate, in association with Matriarch/Geffen Records released the soundtrack online as a digital download on November 3, 2009,[25] and in stores on November 23.[22][24] Daniels confirmed that there are plans to release Blige’s “I Can See in Color” as a single from the soundtrack.[24] The song was written by Blige, Raphael Saadiq and LaNeah Menzies and is produced by Raphael Saadiq.[25] People Magazine Daily noted that the film “mainly had a music supervised soundtrack, but not much of a score, so there were popular songs placed in the movie.”[26] Peter Travers, of Rolling Stone, described the song “I Can See In Color” as being “…a knockout song…expressing the goal of Precious to see the world in color.”

Awards and nominations
Further information: List of accolades received by Precious
Precious has received dozens of nominations in award categories ranging from the performance of the cast to the direction to the cinematography to the adaptation of the book into the screenplay to the film itself including six Academy Award nominations. Director Lee Daniels won the People’s Choice Award, an award given by audience members at the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival.[60] Daniels won both awards for which he was nominated at the San Sebastián International Film Festival—the TVE Otra Mirada Award and the Audience Award. He was nominated in the category of Bronze Horse at the Stockholm Film Festival,[3] and was the recipient for Best Feature Film from the Hawaii International Film Festival.[3] Precious received five awards at the 2009 Independent Spirit Awards (ISA) in the categories for best film, first screenplay, direction, Actress and Supporting Actress.[61] Precious received nominations from the 67th Annual Golden Globes for the film and for the performances of Mo’Nique and Sidibe;[62] Mo’Nique won Best Supporting Actress. Precious was nominated in all three major categories at the 2009 Screen Actor Guild Awards; best cast, best actress, and best supporting actress; Mo’Nique won.[63] Precious was considered for the BAFTA awards in several categories, including Best Picture, Director, Adapted Screenplay, Editing, Leading Actress (Gabourey Sidibe), Supporting Actress (Mo’Nique).[64] On February 2, 2010, the film received Academy Award nominations at the 82nd Academy Awards, for Best Picture, Best Actress (Sidibe), Best Supporting Actress (Mo’Nique), Best Director (Daniels), Best Adapted Screenplay (Fletcher) and Best Film Editing (Klotz). On March 7, 2010, Mo’Nique (Best Supporting Actress) and Fletcher (Best Adapted Screenplay) won their respective Academy Awards. The film was also nominated for a GLAAD Media Award for “Outstanding Film – Wide Release” during the 21st GLAAD Media Awards.

Letters to Juliet is a 2010 American romantic comedy drama film starring Amanda Seyfried, Chris Egan, Vanessa Redgrave, Gael García Bernal, and Franco Nero. This was the final film of director Gary Winick before he died of brain cancer. The film was released theatrically in North America and other countries on May 14, 2010. The idea for the film was inspired by the 2006 non-fiction book, “Letters to Juliet,” by Lise Friedman and Ceil Friedman, which chronicles the phenomenon of letter writing to Shakespeare’s most famous romantic heroine.

Directed by Gary Winick
Produced by Caroline Kaplan
Ellen Barkin
Mark Canton
Written by José Rivera
Tim Sullivan
Starring Amanda Seyfried
Chris Egan
Vanessa Redgrave
Gael García Bernal
Franco Nero
Music by Andrea Guerra
Cinematography Marco Pontecorvo
Editing by Bill Pankow
Distributed by Summit Entertainment
Release date(s) May 14, 2010
Running time 105 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $30 million[1]
Gross revenue $80 million [2

Sophie (Amanda Seyfried) is a young American woman who works for The New Yorker as a fact checker. To put some spark in her life, she decides to go on a ‘pre-honeymoon’ with her chef fiancé Victor (Gael Garcia Bernal) to Verona. However the workaholic Victor is unmoved by the romance of Italy and utilises his time to rather do research for his soon-to-open restaurant, ignoring Sophie. The lonely Sophie discovers by chance an unanswered “letter to Juliet” by Claire in the 1950’s — one of thousands of missives left at the fictional lover’s Verona courtyard, which are typically answered by the “secretaries of Juliet”. She answers it and soon enough the now elderly Claire (Vanessa Redgrave) arrives in Verona with her handsome barrister grandson Charlie (Christopher Egan), who works for human rights.

Charlie and Sophie take an instant liking to each other with Charlie behaving very brusquely with Sophie while she is very sarcastic with him. On the other hand, Claire is still looking to rediscover her long lost love, Lorenzo Bartolini. Sophie, thinking Claire’s story might help her with her writing career, decides to help Claire in her quest. What happens next is a story of romantic twists and turns. They find out that there are multiple Lorenzo Bartolinis and must figure out which one is Claire’s love. After many days of searching for the right one, they find that one of the Lorenzo Bartolinis is dead. An angry Charlie blames Sophie for his grandmother’s sadness. He accuses her of not knowing what real loss is, which causes an upset Sophie to walk away. Claire, seeing the little dispute, tells Charlie that he was wrong and that Sophie’s mother had walked away from her when she was a little girl. The next day, Claire insists that Charlie apologize to Sophie at breakfast, and he does. After dinner, Sophie goes out with Charlie and talks to him about love, when he accidentally kisses her. The next morning, is their last day of searching for Claire’s long lost love. On a whim, Claire points out a vineyard to Charlie and asks if he could stop by so the three of them can have a farewell drink for Sophie. As Charlie drives down the road, Claire sees a young man who looks exactly like her Lorenzo. She yells at Charlie to stop, and he complies. They discover that the man is Lorenzo Bartolini’s grandson. Claire and Lorenzo reunite after fifty long years.

Back in New York, Sophie breaks up with Victor. Sophie returns to Verona to attend Claire and Lorenzo’s wedding. She finds Charlie there with another woman, Patricia, and runs out. Charlie comes to find her (in a classic balcony setting) and she admits she loves him, but tells him to go back to his date. Telling Sophie that the woman was actually his cousin Patricia, not his ex-girlfriend Patricia, he tells her he loves her and wants to be with her. He accidentally falls off the balcony and they kiss as he is lying on the ground.

Sound Track Lists
•You Got Me -Colbie Caillat
•Chianti Country
•Verona -Andy Georges
•Un Giorno Così -883
•Per Avere Te -Franco Morselli
•Quando, Quando, Quando -Laura Jane (as Lisa Jane) and Chris Mann
•Variations On A Theme By Mozart (Magic Flute) Op. 9
•Sospesa -Malika Ayane and Pacifico
•Per Dimenticare -Zero Assoluto
•Sono Bugiarda (I’m A Believer) -Caterina Caselli
•Guarda Che Luna -Fred Buscaglione
•Love Story -Taylor Swift
•What If – Colbie Caillat


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